Aries Transaction Control JPA Provider (XA)

The Aries XA JPA provider implementation is available at the following maven coordinates:


This module is a prototype implementation of the OSGi Transaction Control JPA resource provider using XA transactions. It supports JPA 2.1, and is tested against Hibernate 5.0.9 and EclipseLink 2.6.0. It also supports JPA 2.0, and is tested against OpenJPA 2.4.1.

Quick Start

A configured JPAEntityManagerProvider can be created quickly using Configuration Admin, the OSGi JPA Service, and the OSGi JDBC Service.

  1. Package the persistence unit in a persistence bundle
  2. Find and install a JPA provider (for example Hibernate)
  3. Find and install a JDBC Service implementation for your chosen database (e.g. the org.h2 bundle for H2)
  4. Install a JPA service extender, such as the Apache Aries JPA container
  5. Create a factory configuration using the factory pid org.apache.aries.tx.control.jpa.local and add the following properties:
  6. osgi.jdbc.driver.class :- The driver class name for your database(e.g. org.h2.Driver)
  7. url :- The JDBC URL to use to connect to the database
  8. :- The name of the persistence unit

When the DataSourceFactory for the named osgi.jdbc.driver.class and the EntityManagerFactoryBuilder for the named become available the Local JPA Resource Provider will create a JPAEntityManagerProvider and register it in the OSGi service registry. All configuration properties (apart from the database password) will be registered as properties of the JPAEntityManagerProvider service. These properties can be used to select a ResourceProvider if more than one is present in the Service Registry.

When should I use this module?

If you wish to use entirely lightweight, resource-local transactions then it is best to pair this module with the tx-control-service-local bundle.

If two-phase commit is needed across multiple resources then the tx-control-service-xa and tx-control-provider-jpa-xa bundles should be used.

Note that when using the JDBC Service to obtain a database connection this implementation must be able to create an XADataSource.

Using the JPA Provider bundle

This Resource Provider is used in conjunction with an XA TransactionControl service to provide scoped access to a JPA EntityManager.


In order to use scoped JPA access the runtime must contain a JPA provider (for example Hibernate), an implementation of the OSGi JPA service (e.g. Aries JPA), and a persistence bundle.

Suitable Persistence bundles

OSGi Persistence bundles contain the persistence descriptor (typically an XML file called META-INF/persistence.xml), all of the JPA Entities, and a Meta-Persistence header pointing at the persistence descriptor. (See the JPA service specification for more details).

Unlike "normal" JPA it is usually best not to fully declare the persistence unit in the persistence descriptor. In particular it is a good idea to avoid putting any database configuration in the persistence unit. By not configuring the database inside the bundle the persistence unit remains decoupled, and can be reconfigured for any database at runtime.

For example the following persistence unit:

<persistence-unit name="test-unit"/>

can be reconfigured to use any database and to create/drop tables as appropriate. Configuration for the persistence unit can be provided using Configuration Admin and the EntityManagerFactoryBuilder.

Creating a resource programmatically

Preparing a resource for use is very simple. Create a JPAEntityManagerProvider using the the JPAEntityManagerProviderFactory, then connect the provider to a TransactionControl service. This will return a thread-safe JPA EntityManager that can then be used in any ongoing scoped work.

The normal inputs to a JPAEntityManagerProviderFactory are an EntityManagerFactoryBuilder, some JPA properties to connect to the database with, and some properties to control the resource provider.

Declarative Services Example

public class TransactionalJPAComponent {
    TransactionControl txControl;

    DataSourceFactory dsf;

    EntityManagerFactoryBuilder emfb;

    JPAEntityManagerProviderFactory providerFactory;

    EntityManager em;

    void start(Config config) {

        Properties jdbcProps = new Properties();
        jdbcProps.put(JDBC_URL, config.url());
        jdbcProps.put(JDBC_USER, config.user());
        jdbcProps.put(JDBC_PASSWORD, config._password());

        Map<String, Object> jpaProps = new HashMap<>();

        em = providerFactory.getProviderFor(emfb, jpaProps,

    public void findUserName(String id) {
        txControl.required(() -> {
                // Use the EntityManager in here


If the JPA EntityManagerFactory is already configured then it can be passed into the JPAEntityManagerProviderFactory instead of an EntityManagerFactoryBuilder and JPA configuration.

Creating a resource using a factory configuration

Whilst it is simple to use a EntityManagerFactoryBuilder it does require some lifecycle code to be written. It is therefore possible to directly create JPA resources using factory configurations. When created, the factory service will listen for an applicable EntityManagerFactoryBuilder and potentially also a DataSourceFactory. Once suitable services are available then a JPAEntityManagerProvider service will be published.

Configuration properties (except the JPA/JDBC password) are set as service properties for the registered JPAEntityManagerProvider. These properties may therefore be used in filters to select a particular provider.

public class TransactionalJDBCComponent {
    TransactionControl control;

    EntityManager em;

    void setProvider(JPAEntityManagerProvider provider) {
        em = provider.getResource(control);

    public void findUserName(String id) {
        txControl.required(() -> {
                // Use the connection in here


The factory pid is org.apache.aries.tx.control.jpa.local and it may use the following properties (all optional aside from

Resource Provider properties

  • : The name of the persistence unit that this configuration relates to.

  • : The target filter to use when searching for an EntityManagerFactoryBuilder. If not specified then any builder for the named persistence unit will be used.

  • : The names of the properties to pass to the EntityManagerFactoryBuilder when creating the EntityManagerFactory. By default all properties are copied.

  • : The target filter to use when searching for a DataSourceFactory. If not specified then osgi.jdbc.driver.class must be specified.

  • : The names of the properties to pass to the DataSourceFactory when creating the JDBC resources.

  • osgi.jdbc.driver.class : Used to locate the DataSourceFactory service if the is not set.

  • osgi.local.enabled : Defaults to false. If true then resource creation will fail

  • osgi.xa.enabled : Defaults to true. If false then resource creation will fail

  • osgi.connection.pooling.enabled : Defaults to true. If true then the Database connections will be pooled.

  • osgi.connection.max : Defaults to 10. The maximum number of connections that should be kept in the pool

  • osgi.connection.min : Defaults to 10. The minimum number of connections that should be kept in the pool

  • osgi.connection.timeout : Defaults to 30,000 (30 seconds). The maximum time in milliseconds to block when waiting for a database connection

  • osgi.idle.timeout : Defaults to 180,000 (3 minutes). The time in milliseconds before an idle connection is eligible to be closed.

  • osgi.connection.timeout : Defaults to 10,800,000 (3 hours). The maximum time in milliseconds that a connection may remain open before being closed.

  • osgi.use.driver : Defaults to false. If true then use the createDriver method to connect to the database.

JDBC properties

The following properties will automatically be passed to the DataSourceFactory if they are present. The list of properties may be overridden using the property if necessary.

  • databaseName : The name of the database

  • dataSourceName : The name of the dataSource that will be created

  • description : A description of the dataSource being created

  • networkProtocol : The network protocol to use.

  • portNumber : The port number to use

  • roleName : The name of the JDBC role

  • serverName : The name of the database server

  • url : The JDBC url to use (often used instead of other properties such as serverName, portNumber and databaseName).

  • user : The JDBC user

  • password : The JDBC password

JPA properties

The following properties are potentially useful when configuring JPA:

javax.persistence.schema-generation.database.action : May be used to automatically create the database tables (see the OSGi spec)

  • Other provider specific properties, for example configuring second-level caching.